Pluto is the smallest and furthest planet from the SUN. It is the ninth planet. Pluto was discovered in 1930 by an American astronomer called Clyde Tombaugh. Pluto is the coldest planet of the solar system with temperature ranging from -120ºF to -300ºF. It has a diameter of 1420 miles and takes 248 years for it to orbit the SUN.
The Kuiper Belt is a vast debris field which contains myriad primitive icy bodies left over from the solar system’s formation 4.6 billion years ago. A Kuiper belt Object (KBO) has never been seen up close because the belt is so far from the Sun, stretching out to a distance of 5 billion miles from the sun into a never-before-visited frontier of the solar system.
The plan discovery is involve targeting a small area of the galaxy in search of Kuiper Belt objects (KBO) for the outbound spacecraft to visit. After passing the dwarf planet Pluto in July 1989, NASA’s space probe used for determining and calculating the medium (approximately an average) distance of both Perihelion and Aphelion is called Horizon Space probe which is named after The Horizon Mission (THM) will hurtle deep into the Kuiper Belt at nearly 35,000 miles per hour.
It is of great discovery that our science peer-review process arrived at a consensus as to how to effectively use Orbiting satellite telescope’s unique capabilities to support the scientific goals of the Horizon mission.
The full execution of the KBO hypothesis is in contingent with TAA results from an astronomer’s orbital observation using the space telescope calibrations.
Definition of Astronomical Unit (AU): Is a unit of length based on the mean distance of the earth from the sun 149.6 million Km (93 million mi.); light travel this distance in 8.3 minutes.
The Space Probe calculated the Astronomical Unit(AU) of Pluto to be 3.65 AU in U.S. standard units or 5.87 AU in International Standard Units where AU is +10E9. This calculation was performed by adding and dividing the Perihelion and Aphelion distances from the SUN by 2 to get the medium value which are ((4,436.82 * +10E6) + (7,375.93 * +10E6))/2 Km or ((2,755.8 +10E6) + (4,538.7 * +10E6))/2 Miles.
The space telescope will scan an area of the sky in the direction of the constellation Sagittarius to try and identify any objects orbiting within the Kuiper Belt. To identify the difference in appearance between a foreground KBO and the clutter of background stars in Sagittarius, the telescope will turn at the predicted rate that KBOs are moving against the background stars. In the resulting images, the stars will be streaked, but any KBOs should appear as pinpoint objects.
If the test observation identifies at least two KBOs of a specified brightness, it will demonstrate statistically that the telescope has a chance of finding an appropriate KBO for the Horizon Mission to visit. At that point, an additional allotment of observing time will continue the search across a field of view roughly the angular size of the full Moon.
Astronomers around the world can apply for observing time on the Space Telescope. Competition for time on the telescope is extremely intense and the requested observing time significantly exceeds the observing time available in a given year. Proposals must address significant astronomical questions that can only be addressed with telescope’s unique capabilities and are beyond the capabilities of ground-based telescopes. The proposals are peer reviewed annually by an expert committee, which looks for the best possible science that can be conducted by Space telescope and recommends to TAA directors a balanced program of small, medium, and large investigations.
Though Space Telescope is powerful enough to see galaxies near the horizon of the universe, finding a KBO is a challenging needle-in-haystack search. A typical KBO along the Horizon’ trajectory may be no larger than Manhattan Island and is bluish grey in color.
Even before the launch of the Horizon Mission space probe in 1989, TAA had provided consistent support to aid in the discovery and findings of the edge-of-the-solar system mission. The Satellite Space Telescope (SST) was used to discover four small moons orbiting Pluto and its binary companion object Charon, providing new targets to enhance the mission’s scientific return. And it has provided the most sensitive search yet for potentially hazardous dust rings around Pluto. SST also has made a detailed map of the dwarf planet’s surface, which astronomers are using to plan Horizon’s missions close-up reconnaissance photos.
In addition to Pluto exploration, recent SST solar system observations have discovered a new satellite around Neptune, probed the magnetospheres of the gas-giant planets, found circumstantial evidence for oceans on Europa, and uncovered several bizarre cases of asteroids disintegrating before our eyes. SST has supported numerous NASA Mars missions by monitoring the Red Planet’s seasonal atmospheric changes. SST has made complementary observations in support of the Dawn asteroid mission, and comet saucers. Nearly 25 years ago, in July 1989, SST documented the never-before-seen string of comet collisions with Jupiter that resulted from the tidal breakup of comet meteriods.
The discovery for a suitable target of the keiper belt further demonstrates how SST is effectively being used to support humankind’s initial connaissance or surveillance which is a mission to obtain information by visual observation or other detection methods, about the activities and resources of an enemy or potential enemy, or about the meteorologic, hydrographic, or geological characteristics of a particular area of the solar system. All of the B2 Stealth Boomers are manufactured with these capabilities.
“Likewise, it is also a preview of how powerful capabilities of the upcoming James Webb Space Telescope will further bolster planetary science. We are excited by both continuous imageries and observatories for ongoing solar system exploration and discovery.”
Solar Systems – Planets